Inscription on a Roman mosaic from excavations in the Appian way, Rome.
The Greek motto Know Thyself (“γνῶθι σεαυτόν”, or nosce te ipsum in Latin) combined with the fallen skeleton image to convey the famous warning about the inevitability of death:
Respice post te. Hominem te esse memento. Memento mori
Remember that you are mortal.
Cristina García Rodero - Penitentes de la Confradría de la Humilidad. Viernes Santo.
Eastern style axe-head © State Historical Museum, Moscow. This axe, with its backwards projecting knob, is typical of weapons from eastern Baltic lands. It was found in Russia’s Kazan region on the Volga river, but is decorated in a Scandinavian style with gold inlay that depicts a sword piercing a serpent from below – possibly a reference to the legend of Sigurd the dragon-slayer.
SAGA OF ERLING SKAKKE KING OF NORWAY (1115 - 1179)
(MS 1570 in the Schøyen Collection)
Manuscript in Norwegian on horn, Trøndelag, Norway, 17th c., 1 gunpowder horn, 25x8 cm.
Nine lines in runes of the younger futhark, naming the participants in 9 drawings of battle scenes, the last illustrating the battle at Kalvskinnet, where King Erling Skakke fell in 1179. The lid and finial of the horn carved with heads of seals and strapwork decoration